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Full STI Test Kit | Just Between Us

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What does an ST10 test screen for?

An ST10 test screens for chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, herpes simplex I, herpes simplex II, trichomoniasis, Mycoplasma hominis, Mycoplasma genitalium, Ureaplasm urealyticum and chancroid.

About Chlamydia
About Gonorrhoea
About Syphilis

What is herpes?

Herpes is a chronic (long-term) infection caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV). The two types of HSV that cause the disease are herpes simplex 1 (HSV-1) and herpes simplex 2 (HSV-2). Both viruses are highly contagious and can be transmitted between people through direct contact. The type of herpes disease that arises is dependent on the site of the body that is infected. The two most common herpes infections are oral and genital herpes.

Herpes symptoms

HSV-1
Herpes simplex 1 most commonly causes oral herpes, but it can also cause genital herpes. Herpes infections often manifest as small painful blisters which break open resulting in ulcers. Oral herpes lesions (cold sores) can appear anywhere on the face, but they typically form in or around the mouth.

HSV-2
Herpes simplex 2 most commonly causes genital herpes, but it can also cause oral herpes in rare cases. Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted infection that can affect the genitals, buttocks, thighs and anal area. Symptoms of infection can include the appearance of small, painful blisters that burst to leave open sores in the affected areas, pain when passing urine and flu-like symptoms.

Once an individual becomes infected with HSV-1 or HSV-2, the virus remains in the body and lies dormant in nerves close to the original site of infection. In response to certain triggers (e.g. ultraviolet light exposure, stress and hormonal changes), the virus can reactivate causing lesions to reoccur. 

 

How is herpes transmitted?

HSV-1 and HSV-2 can infect multiple sites of the body and can be transmitted:

  • via direct contact between the contagious area and broken skin via saliva (with someone with oral herpes)
  • by having unprotected oral, vaginal or anal sex/sharing sex toys (with someone with genital herpes)
  • from a mother to her baby during childbirth (genital herpes)


Both HSV-1 and HSV-2 can be passed on by people who show no signs of infection.

Herpes treatment

There is currently no cure for herpes. However, the symptoms can often be managed with antiviral medication.

 

Trichomoniasis

What is trichomoniasis?

Trichomoniasis is an STI caused by a minute parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis (TV). Also referred to as "Trich", the infection affects both women and men, though women are more likely to be affected and experience symptoms.

The parasite is usually transmitted from one person to another during unprotected vaginal sex; however it can also be transmitted by sharing objects such as sex toys.

 

Trichomoniasis symptoms

Up to half of all infected individuals experience no symptoms of trichomoniasis; hence, many people do not realise they are infected. If symptoms do present, they may include:

Women: soreness and itching around the vagina, pain/discomfort during sex or urination and a change in vaginal discharge.

Men: pain during urination, soreness and swelling around the head of the penis or foreskin and a thin white penile discharge.

Trichomoniasis treatment

Trichomoniasis can be effectively treated with a course of antibiotics.

 

Mycoplasma hominis

What is Mycoplasma hominis?

Mycoplasma hominis is a minute bacterium that is present in small quantities in the urinary and genital tracts of most humans.

An infection with Mycoplasma hominis can arise without sexual activity, as a result of bacterial overgrowth; however, it can also be transmitted via unprotected vaginal sex, sharing sex toys, or from an infected mother to her child during childbirth.

Mycoplasma hominis symptoms

Symptoms of Mycoplasma hominis infection are similar to those of chlamydia and gonorrhoea, and symptomless infections are also common. Left untreated, Mycoplasma hominis infection can lead to urethritis in women and men and also increases the risk of vaginitis and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women.

 

Mycoplasma genitalium (MG)

What is Mycoplasma genitalium?

Mycoplasma genitalium is a bacterium that causes a common but largely unknown STI. Recent studies estimate that as many as 1 in 100 adults aged 16 to 44 are infected with this bacteria.

MG is known to be transmitted from person-to-person through unprotected oral, vaginal or anal sex, and it frequently occurs with other STIs, making it difficult to diagnose.

One of the most common causes of urethritis in men, MG has also been associated with bacterial vaginosis in women.

 

Mycoplasma genitalium symptoms

Most MG infections are asymptomatic (don't have any symptoms). Therefore, many individuals are unaware that they are infected. If symptoms do present, they are similar to those of chlamydia and gonorrhoea infections, as are the potential long-term complications which may include PID and endometritis.

Ureaplasma urealyticum

What is Ureaplasma urealyticum?

Like Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma urealyticum is a bacterium that commonly occurs naturally in the urogenital tract of humans but can cause disease in the event of overgrowth. As such, it is not considered a classical STI, but it is very contagious and can be transmitted through sexual contact.

 

Ureaplasma urealyticum symptoms

Ureaplasma urealyticum infections are frequently asymptomatic and do not often lead to problems; however, in some individuals an untreated infection can be associated with urethritis.

 

Complications of infection with this bacteria can include infertility, premature or still birth, meningitis, pneumonia and nerve/joint/muscle damage.

 

Ureaplasma urealyticum treatment

Ureaplasma urealyticum infections can be treated with antibiotics.

 

Chancroid

What is chancroid?

Chancroid is an STI caused by Heamophilus ducreyi bacteria, the leading cause of genital ulceration. The disease is most common in Asia and Africa and affects more men than women, particularly uncircumcised men.

 

The bacteria is found in the (highly contagious) ulcers that form on the genitals of infected individuals, and the infection can be transmitted from person-to-person during contact with the infected area during vaginal, oral or anal sex.

 

Chancroid symptoms

As chancroid usually presents with genital ulcers, in the early stages it is often mistaken for syphilis. Unlike syphilis sores, however, chancroid ulcers are painful and can grow much larger in size.

Other symptoms of chancroid may include genital tenderness, pain when urinating, enlarged lymph nodes, pain during bowel movements and rectal bleeding.

 

Chancroid treatment

Chancroid is easily treated with a single dose of antibiotics.

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